MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment
MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment jan 2022
Q. 1. Comment on the significance of the Man of the Hill episode in the novel Tom Jones.
Ans. Opinions greatly differ in the matter of Fielding’s plot construction in Tom Jones. According to one view, Tom Jones is all plot.
In other words, it means that Fielding has given much attention to plot construction in Tom Jones. According to the other view, Tom Jones, being a Picaresque novel, is full of incidents, but it has not been executed according to a well-thought-out plan.
The second view seems to be irrelevant in spite of the fact that there is a good number of digressions in the novel, the glaring example being the story of the Man of the Hill.
Moreover, the author’s own too frequent views concerning various literary and artistic theories and addresses to the reader, even if they have their own value, reflect on the cohesion of the plot.
According to the Cambridge History of English Literature, “Tom Jones remains the first English novel conceived and carried out on a structural plan that secured an artistic unity of the whole. MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
It set up for prose fiction a standard which nearly all its greater writers have followed, and which is to be found practically unchanged in Thackeray.
There are three main characters and whom the story of Tome Jones revolves. They are – Tom Jones, Sophia Western and Mr. Bilfil.
All other characters help in one way or the other in furthering this story by aiding the main characters in various ways in fulfilling their missions, besides unfolding their characters or personalities.
In the earlier part of the novel, we have certain incidents which may be called child-like or childish. For example, Sophia is very fond of a bird. Bilfil, the hypocrite, while posing to help Sophia, lets loose the bird to the great chagrin of Sophia.
She cries loudly. Her cries are heard by Tom who rushes to help her even while risking his own life to capture the bird for her. Naturally, he wins Sophia’s favor while Bilfil loses it.
Tom and Sophia come closer. Tom is considered low born and Squire Western, Sophia’s father is not inclined to marry his daughter to Tom.
As Allworthy’s ears are poisoned by Bilfil, the Squire throws Tom out of his house. He is compelled to start his journey on the road to Bristol.
Sophia has also to leave her parental house as she learns that she is going to be married to Bilfil against her will. This is hour her journey also starts. Squire Western also soon starts his journey in search of his daughter.MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
Tom Jones has a complicated plot. In order to understand it properly, it has been divided into three sections
- Events before Tom’s starting his journey to London.
- Events during Tom’s journey to London.
- Events after his arrival in London.
In the first part we have the description regarding Tom’s being nourished at the house of Squire Allworthy along with Master Bilfil, the son of Allworthy’s sister, Mrs. Bridget.
Tom is considered a foundling and a bastard and thus much more attention and consideration are reserved for Bilfil, though it is clear from the very beginning that Bilfil is not match for Tom in the matter of qualities of head and heart.
There grows a sense of jelousy in the heart of Bilfil and the latter even becomes malicious and villainous.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Bilfil tries to poison Allworthy’s ears against Tom who is, no doubt, a mischievous boy. Later Tom and Bilfil become rivals in the matter of love for Sophia Western. The events have partly been explained in the foregoing paras also.
Tom has to befriend Black George, a gamekeeper, but he is unfortunately enticed and allured by Molly, George’s daughter.MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
She is a great seducer. Surprisingly, Tom remains mostly a passive character though seemingly he appears to be very active and there is no doubt that he is full of animal spirits.
Intrusively the opinions of the tutor, Thwackum, and the philosopher, Square, also go against him and it is only in the last part of the novel that the favourable opinion of Square for Tom is received.
In the second phase, both Jones and Sophia are on their way till they reach London. There are several situations and incidents and up and down in the lives of the hero and the heroine.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
We learn how tom rescues Mrs Water from Ensing Northernton when she is found being harassed by the ruffian-soldier and is only half-clad and they reach the inn at Upton.
Tom has already a taste of a fight with the soldier – a situation which leads to his chance meeting with Partridge whence the latter tells Tom that he is not his father.
The most dramatic situation takes place at the inn at Upton when at mid-night Tom is discovered with Mrs Waters by chance when Mr. Fitzpatrick comes in pursuit of his wife
Mrs. Waters is none other than Mrs. Jenny Jones who has earlier confessed to being Tom’s mother. MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Thus the Oedipus curse seems to fall on Tom but the later discovery that Tom’s real mother was Mrs Bridget, Allworthy’s sister, relieves the tension.
Sophia’s arrival at Upton creates a strange situation. When she learns that Jones is closeted with Mrs. Water at that time of the night, she feels despondent and arrays her muff (which Tom had kissed) to be thrown into Tom’s had a piece of paper with along with her name written on it.
She leaves the place and now Tom starts pursuing her just as previously she was pursuing him.
E.A. Baker, in a very interesting but racy language, describes the second part of the novel, which, for the benefit of the readers, is given verbatim as under
“Fieldings first two volumes deal with country life, the next two with adventures on the road, the last two with town life.
All three sections are full of incidents. Even in the first part, which is the most epical, painting life and character in a broad and racy style, the narrative, going forward with a steady movement, breaks from time to time into lively dramatic scenes.
The second part is much more dramatic, a surift succession of adventures in which the different threads are hurried across the loom for the final entanglement.
In the third part, the story reaches a complexity that seems to defy all hope of a fortunate solution, and then in the last chapters, by the time-honored device of revelation and recognition, an issue is triumphantly provided.
Thus the tale which began with epical narration terminates in an exciting drama of intrigue. This is complicated and rich in surprises, but the probability is never outraged.
With deep-laid cunning everything has been prepared for ahead. All is foreseen, nothing left to chance.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
One must read the story backwards so to speak, to appreciate the beauty and precision of Fielding’s plot, in which every character has an essential part to fulfil, and there is hardly an incident, no matter how insignificant, but contributes to the intended result.
Little indeed is accidental or could be omitted, without detriment to the inner and outer symmetry.”
We cannot deny that there are several redundant narrations, descriptions and postulations in this part as they are a part of the way of writing of Fielding.
For example, we have Jones’ arrival at the dwelling of the Man of Hill, his hearing of the noise outside, his rushing out with an old rusty sword, and his rescuing from ruffians the so-called formidable Man of the Hill, whom as the old woman said, the people feared more than anybody else.
Then we have Jones encounter with the highwayman. The latter asks Jones to take him on his horse to London.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
the foolish chance mention of a 100 note with tom prompts the robber to whip out a pistol and aim at tom while demanding the bill from him. Of course, Tom overpowers him and snatches the pistol from him. MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
As he learns that the man was trying to commit the first robbery of his life in sheer desperation to save his family from starvation.
Tom takes pity on him and pardons him and even gives him the two guineas he had. Ironically, the pistol has no bullets. Probably the robber had no money to purchase any.
It will be in the fitness of things to read an account of the third phase right from E.A. Baker in his own words
“This last portion of the novel in which the soundness of the substructure is tested, is too intricate to be analysed in detail, except at inordinate length.
Let us note some of the critical points. Tom and Sophia are now in London. He is near the end of his money and in a state of desperation.
She is safe for the moment in the house of her cousin, Lady Bellaston, who presently, however, hatches a scheme to match the heiress to a man of her own dissipated world. MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Lord Fellamar. Tom knows nothing of this; but, having by chance become possessed of a pocketbook belonging to Sophia and containing a hundred-pound note, he tries to find her out. But his luck is still against him.
With “never less inclination to an amour” he becomes involved, by his, “gallantry to the ladies,” in an affair with Lady Belliston, and receiving a present from this dangerous person, finds himself in a ticklish position. MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
Going to her house one night to an appointment, he is met, not by her, but by Sophia. They are interrupted by Lady Belliston and the ensuing scenes are comedies of the finest order.
To free himself from the clutches of the lady, Jones writes her a letter, formally offering marriage, which he is certain will secure a contemptuous refusal and his dismissal.
But he reckons without his host, for the incriminating letter is afterwards produced as evidence of his treachery to Sophia. To get rid of this rival, Lady Bellaston advises Fellamar to have Jones seized by a press-gang.
At the critical moment, Jones is attacked by the jealous husband of Mrs Fizpatrick, and he runs him through the body in self-defence.
“Tom Jones is now at the crisis of his misfortunes. He lies in prison charged with murder; he has ruined himself irretrievably with Sophia; he is finally disgraced with Allworthy and Squire Western in beside himself with glee at the prospect of seeing him hanged.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
In this predicament, he now learns something that adds horror to the tragedy. Mrs Waters has been identified as Jenny Jones, and he believes that Jenny Jones is his mother. He has unwittingly incurred the guilt of Oedipus.”
However, as we learn later, Mrs Waters herself says that Tom is, in fact, the son of Mrs Bridget, Allworthy’s own sister and that she made the false confession to get favour from the lady and to save her from social shame.
The most tricky part of this phase is Tom’s relationship with Lady Bellaston, but me know it was all under certain compulsions and because of Tom’s lack of experience. We should remember that he was only a raw country lad.
Finally, Bilfil is exposed and his game is over when his is disowned by Allowrhty and Tom and Sophia are married.
It seems most plausible to close the matter of plot construction with the word of the celebrated critic, Walter Allen who sums up the entire exercise in his own powerful style MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
“Yet fine as Joseph Andrews and Jonathan Wild are, they scarcely prepare us for so great an achievement as the history of Tom Jones, which, after two centuries, remains among the handful of supreme novels.
The new element in “Tome Jones” is Fielding’s architectonic quality; no plot has ever been carried through with more consummate skill and the skill can be truly appreciated only after the book has been closed.
In reading, one is delighted with the swiftness of the narration, the economy, the nimble and inexhaustible invention. MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
Fielding had learnt much from his experience in the theatre especially how to break up the narrative, set his scene in a minimum of words and carry on the action in short, swift passages of dialogue.
But it is only after reading that we realize how every detail has its place in the action, is a preparation for what is to come, the full significance of which cannot be apparent until the novel has reached its end; then,
what seemed at first glance a happy stroke of invention reveals itself as part of the essential structure of a book, without which the whole could not exist.
Fielding was as superb a craftsman in his own way as Henry James. There is only one blot on the novel judged as a formal whole, the introduction of the extraneous story of the Man of the Hill, and even then that can plausibly if not convincingly, be justified.”MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
One may still be bold to say the final word. Fielding was a great master of the element of surprise and coincidence and chance.
Tom’s parentage remains an engine throughout the novel and is solved only towards the end. For the major part of the novel Patridge and Jenny Jones are considered the parents.
But it is much later that we learn that his real parents are one Mr Summer and Mrs Bridget, the latter is the daughter of Squire Allworthy and thus finally, he turns out to be the Squire’s nephew. MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
In fact, the whole novel is full of coincidences, chance and surprising situations which give the novel a dramatic to chapter
Q. 2. Comment on the use of wit and irony in the novel Pride and Prejudice.
Ans. Jane Austen is basically a humorist. She find zest in this world through laughter. Her laughter arises out of human folly which is so common in our life e.g.,
Darcy says, “the wisest and the best of men-nay, the wisest and best of their action may be rendered ridiculous by a person whose first object is a joke.”
In reply, Elizabeth says, “follies and nonsense whims and inconsistencies, do divert me. I laugh at them whenever I can.” We know that Elizabeth is the mouthpiece of Jane Austen of all her novels.
Pride and Prejudice make us laugh the most. It’s full of an atmosphere of sunshine and hilarity.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Jane Austen creates humour through characters as well as situations. The main source of humour in the novel is Mr. Collins.
He is a ridiculous character without himself knowing it. Then Mrs Bennet who is always nervous, is also a rich source of humour.
No doubt, she is a gross fool. Her only aim in life is to get her daughters married. The following sentences in the novel about Mrs Bennet are a fine example of Jane Austen’s humour.
“Mrs. Bennet was a woman of mean understanding, little information and uncertain temper” …. The business of her life was to get her daughters married.
Some other characters like lady Catherine Mary and Lydia also have certain humorous qualities. Even Elizabeth is touched by the comic spirit.
Of all the situations in the novel perhaps the most humorous Mr. Collins proposal to Elizabeth. Elizabeth knows that he has not proposed to her out of love.
So, she rightly rejects him. When Jane is jilted by Bingley, Mr. Bennet tears Elizabeth that this might happen with has too.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
One important point to be noted is that Jane Austen’s humour is never malicious. It may be mischievous at times.
She does not hate even the most ridiculous of her creations. At the same time she is seldom able to resist the use of her favourite weapons of irony, humour and satire. She never intends to wound deeply while using these weapons.
She has no mind to bring about any reformation. She only wants to create pleasure in the minds of the readers and she is quite successful in it.
Jane Austen’s humour is often too delicate and gentle to be noticed by the superficial readers
. It requires the sympathy of Jane Austen herself with her characters to note it.
Let us take the following examples
(i) It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife.MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
Her father was a clergyman without being neglected or poor, and a very respectable man though his name was Richard and he had never been handsome.
When Mrs Bennet in Pride and Prejudice laments that after her husband’s death she will become destitute he consoles her; “My dear, “(says her husband)” do not give way to such gloomy thoughts.
Let us look for better things. Let us flatter ourselves that I may be the survivor.”
Sometimes, even when Jane Austen speaks in a direct statement about a character, she is capable of drawing an exact picture of the (comic) character before us (without unlike Dickens, caricaturing it) such that we feel exhilarated with the delectable manner of narration as much as with the visual picture before us.
“Mr Collins was not a sensible man, and the deficiency of nature had been the society-the greatest part of his life having been spent under the guidance of an illiterate and miserly father-and though he belonged to one of the universities he had merely kept the necessary terms, without forming at it any useful acquaintance.
The subjects in which his father had brought him up and given him originally great humility of manner but it was now a good deal counteracted by the self-conceit of a weak head, living in retirement, and the consequential feelings of early and unexpected prosperity.
A fortunate chance had recommended him to Lady Catherine de Bourgh when the living of Hunsford was vacant; and the respect which he felt for her high rank and his veneration for her as his patroness,MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
mingling with a very good opinion of himself of his authority as a clergyman, and his rights as a rector made him altogether a mixture of pride and obsequiousness, self-importance and humility.”
Mrs. Bennet is a great source of humour in the novel Pride and Prejudice. One typical example is her foolish expression of exultation on the elopement of Lydia.
Instead of feeling ashamed or finding the moment an occasion for humiliation, she gives went to her great pleasure at the prospects of Lydia marrying Wickham: My dear, dear Lydia !” she cried: “This is delightful indeed: She will be married! I shall be her again.
She will be married a sixteen! My good, kind brother! I knew how it would be I know he would manage everything. How I long to see her! And to see dear Wickham too! But the clothes, the wedding clothes! will write to my sister Gardiner about them directly.
Lizzy, my dear, run down to your father, and ask him how much he will give her. Stay-stay, I will go myself. Ring the bell, Kitty, for Hill. I will put on my things in a moment. My dear, dear Lydia ! How merry we shall be together when we meet !”
the situation is ironic also. Thus Jane Austen is capable of presenting all kinds of humor (the humor of incident or situation and humor of character, in particular) and even blending them.
Apart from humour and irony which are there in various shades of love and marriages in Pride and Prejudice, there is hidden satire in the money-minuteness and worship of wealth or mammon among all the major characters.
Social and economic status is given too high a place and sometimes even morality is sacrificed and therein lies the satire. Mrs Bennet cares more for her daughter’s marriage than for the question of morality involved in it.MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
There can hardly be more absurd reasons to be given even by a gross fool than those given by Mr. Collins, to as reproduced below and we should be glad with Charles Lamb who said, “I love the fools”).MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
“My reasons for marrying are, first, that I think it a right thing for every clergyman in easy circumstances (like myself) to see the example of matrimony is his parish.
Secondly, that I am convinced it will add very greatly to my happiness, and thirdly, which perhaps I ought to have mentioned earlier, that it is the particular advice and recommendation of the very noble lady whom I have the honour of calling patroness.
Twice has she condescended to give me her opinion (unasked too!). On this subject; and it was but the very Saturday night before I left Hunsfordbetween our pools at quadrille, while Mrs Jenkinson was arranging Miss de Bourgh’s footstool, that she said, Mr. Collins, you must marry. A clergyman like you must marry.
Choose properly, choose a gentlewoman for my sake; and for you own, let her be an active, useful sort of person, not brought up high, but able to make a small income go a good way. This is my advice.
Find such a woman as soon as you can, bring her to Hunsford, and I will visit her.”
How amusing is Mr. Collins character in Pride and Prejudice can be further studied from the letter he wrote to Mr. Bennet as he learnt about the elopement of Lydia with Wickham
“My Dear Sir, MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
I feel myself called upon by our relationship and my situation in life, to condole with you on the grievous affliction you are now suffering under, of which we were yesterday informed by a letter from Hertfordshire. MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
Be assured, my dear sir, that Mrs Collins and myself sincerely sympathize with you, and all your respectable family, in your present distress, which must be of the bitterest kind, because proceeding from a cause which no time can remove.
No arguments shall be wanting on misfortune, or that may comfort you under a circumstance that must be of all others most afflicting to a parent’s mind.
The death of your daughter would have been a blessing in comparison of this.
And it is the more to be lamented because there is reason to suppose, as my dear Charlotte informs me, for the consolation of yourself and Mrs Bennet,
I am inclined to think that her own disposition must be naturally bad, or she could not be guilty of such an enormity at so early an age.
However that may be, you are grievously to be pitied, in which opinion I am not only joined by Mrs Collins, but likewise by Lady Catherine and her daughter, to whom I have related the affair.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
They agree with me in apprehending that this false step in one daughter will be injurious to the fortunes of all the others, for who, as Lady Catherine herself condescendingly says, will connect themselves with such a family.
And this consideration leads me moreover to reflect with augmented satisfaction on a certain event of last November, for had it been otherwise,
I must have been involved in all your sorrow and disgrace. Let me advise you then, my dear sir, to console yourself as much as possible, to throw off your unworthy child from your affection for ever, and leave her to reap the fruits of her own heinous offence.
Apart from Mr. Collins and Mrs Bennet, even Catherine de Bourgh to some extent adds to the general atmosphere of hilarity and sunshine in the novel.
Studied closely, even Mr. Bennet and the younger Bennet daughters (especially Lydia) are highly humorous characters and offer several hilarious situations.
In the end, we can have a look at the most humorous (and absurd) letter she wrote to Harriet after her elopement. She has taken the matter just as fun, as if it had no moral or ethical implications,
“My Dear Harriet,MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
You will laugh when you know where I am gone, and I cannot help laughing myself at your surprise tomorrow morning as soon as I am missed.
I am going to Gretna Green, and if you cannot guess with who, I shall think you a simpleton, for there is but one man in the world I love, and he is an angel.
I should never be happy without his, so think it no harm to be off. You need not send them word at Longbourn of my going, if you do not like it, for it will make the surprise the greater when I write to them and sing my name, Lydia Wickham.
What a good joke it will be ! I can hardly write for laughing. Pray to make my excuses to Pratt, for not keeping my engagement and dancing with him tonight.
Tell him I hope he will excuse me when he knows all, and tell we meet, with great pleasure. I shall send for my clothes when I get to Longbourn; but I wish you would tell Sally to mend a great slit in my worked Muslim gown before they are packed up.
Good-bye. Give my love to Colonel Forster, I hope you will drink to our good journey. Your affectionate friend, MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Q. 3. Do you think the title of Dickens’ Great Expectations is appropriate? Give reasons for your answer.
Ans. It is because it is a novel about the maturation both physically and psychologically of the main character Pip. Great Expectations was written by Charles Dickens, one of Victorian England’s most acclaimed and popular novelists.
He wrote this novel comparatively late in life, just after A Tale of Two Cities. In Great Expectations, we see Dickens at his most experimental.
The novel was serialized published in installments in a magazine-from 186061, when the Victorian era was at its height and the rapid social change was accompanied by anxiety.
Dickens used his platform as a popular author to educate his audience about social issues. In Great Expectations, the topics of education and penal reform loom large.
Like Wilkie Collins’ The Woman in White, published the previous year, Great Expectations deals with the restrictive marriage laws of the time. Central to Dickens’ novel is its narrator and protagonist, Pip.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Pip is both the narrator of Great Expectations and its chief protagonist. His perspective both determines what we see and how we see it.
The novel follows Pip from the age of about eight to his mid-thirties and qualifies as a bildungsroman. “Bildungsroman’ is a German word.
Translated into English, it describes a novel about the intellectual and emotional formation of its protagonist.’
Great Expectations is divided into three parts corresponding to the phases of Pip’s life. The first stage covers his childhood, during which he is brought up by hand by his older sister, his parents having died.
The second covers his apprenticeship in London, from his mid-teens to his coming of age, at which time he also comes into his mysterious inheritance, of which he has such great expectations (hence the novel’s name).
The third part of the novel shows Pip (finally!) getting a better grip on who he is and who he wants to be, from his mid-twenties to his mid-thirties. It also covers how those ‘great expectations are and are not fulfilled.MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
Though Great Expectations is categorized as a Bildungsroman, Dickens modifies the novel’s tone for dramatic effect.
At various points throughout the narrative, different genres may seem to predominate. Pip’s childhood is written realistically, while elements of the gothic reflect his own fright, and elements of satire reflect his innocent perception of the ridiculous.
Later in the novel, the tone becomes darker, as Pip sees more of the world and its injustices.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Q. 4. What role do Aziz, Fielding and Godbole play in A Passage to India?
Ans. Alam Friedman describes the theme of personal relations in Forster’s novel as a Marriage of True Minds’ (the phrase in borrowed from Shakespeare’s famous poem).
He says, “A marriage of true minds is held out like a promise always a little out of each.
The obstacles of circumstances, the trials of good faith, the emotional separation which threaten to destroy a final consummation the growing crucialness to the novel’s moral resolution of whether they will or will not be united at the end all this and much more makes of their friendship the structural and ritual equivalent to the marriage of hero and heroine in the traditional novel.
At first the marriage of Adela Quested and Ronny Haslop, which Mrs Moore has come to India to aid and abet, seems to play the usual structural role, which the issue of marriage regularly plays in organizing events and meanings.
But the considerable moral issue it raises gradually subsides into the background as the wider moral issues surrounding the marriage of two minds come to the foreground.”
Then there are themes evil of love and human separation. In fact, all the themes are closely connected.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Forster himself considered personal relationship (especially as he saw in India) a big problem, and Forster’s own commentary on the Fielding-Adela relationship cannot be ignored – “a friendliness as of dwarfs shaking hands was in the air.
Both man and woman were at the height of their powers – sensible, honest, even subtle. They spoke the same language and held some opinions, and the variety of age and sex did not divide them.
Yet they were dissatisfied. When they agreed, I want to go on living a bit,’or, ‘I don’t believed in God,’the words were followed by a curious backwash as though the universe had displaced itself to fill up a tiny void,
or though they had seen their own gestures from an immense height – dwarfs talking shaking hands and assuring each-other that they stood on the same footing of insight.”
Aziz-Fielding Relationship :MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Aziz represents the oriental, Fielding the Western. But try hard to come closer and develop a real friendship, but they fail as neither the earth nor the sky wanted it.
Aziz is a highly emotional man, but Fielding is a rational human being. Thus, they represent two separate cultures that refused to come closer, at least they are not ready to join hands in friendship for the present.MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
Forster has tried to provide deep insight into various relationships at a personal level – among them – Aziz Fielding relationship, Aziz- Mrs Moore, Aziz-Adela relationship etc. But quite impressive and even queer is the Fielding-Adela relationship.
“Everything echoes now; there is no stopping the echo. The original round may be harmless but the echo is always evil,” says Mr. Fielding, who is normally rational as he is eager to present the western view-point.
We need to examine Fielding’s words about Adela-“She was no longer examining life, but being examined by it-she had become a real person.”
As Fielding and Adela develop a sort of liking for each-other, we have the authorial comments “Both man and woman were at the height of their powers – sensible, honest, even subtle.” MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
This, however, does not mean all-embracing comprehensibility and a rapport replete with the essence of understanding,
“It is as if I ran my finger along that polished walls in the dark and cannot be further. I am up against something, and so are you.”
Forster wants to maintain that all human (or personal) relationships are limited in essence, and there is always a limit beyond which they cannot go –
“Worlds beyond which they could never touch, or did all that is possible enter their consciousness ?”MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
Godbole – Mrs Moore Relationship :
On the surface of it, it would look odd to find a relationship between them. But both have certain things common, though they differ also. For instance, the caves communicate the following terrifying message to Mrs Moore –
“Pathos, piety, courage, they exist, but are identical and so is faith. Everything exists, nothing has value.
If one had spoken vileness in that place, or quoted lofty poetry, the comment would have been the same-boum-Devils are of the North, and poems can be written about them, MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
but no one could romanticize the Marabar because it robbed infinity and eternity of their vastness, the only quality that accommodates them to mankind.”
As far as Godbole is concerned he finds no evil in the caves. In any case, good and evil live on equal planes for him.
Both these characters believe in goodness and love and have divine faith. God bole is a Brahmin Hindu and Mrs Moore, though an English lady, is an “oriental.”
Godbole sees in his vision both Mrs Moore and the “little, little wasp” whom Mrs Moore says, “Pretty dear” when she finds it sitting on the tip of a peg.
Thus, they become identical in the ultimate realization of love which alone can solve the riddle of banishing evil from the world.MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
Forster thus says about Godbole when he is there to celebrate Janmashtami in the town of Man :MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
“Some hundreds of miles, westward of the Marabar Hills, and two years later in time, Professor Narayan Godbole stands in the presence of God.”
Pointing out one fundamental difference between the outlook of the Indian and the English old woman,
Forster says, “Godbole, unlike Mrs Moore, requires no belief that God can come to him … To Godbole, union with God is always a desire, not a reality.”
Godbole believes in mysteries, but Mrs Moore does not dislike “muddle”. She says, I like mysteries but I rather dislike muddle. Then Fielding rationalize or clinches the issue.”
“A mystery is only a high-sounding term for a muddle. No advantage in stirring it up, in either case.”MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
However, Krishna’s birth meant love for all and Godbole physical and mentally represented the occasion in an ecstatic way, when-
“all sorrow was annihilated, not only for Indians but for foreigners, birds, caves, railways, and the stars; all became joy, all laughter, there had never been disease nor doubt, misunderstanding, cruelty, fear.”
Aziz – Mrs. Moore Relationship :
This is what Mrs. Moore felt she met Aziz in the Mosque- “A sudden sense of unity, of kinship with the heavenly bodies, passed into the old woman, and out, like water through a tank, leaving a strange freshness behind.”
“Aziz was rooted in society and Islam. He belonged to a tradition that bound him, and he had brought children into the world, the society of the future. Though he lived in this flimsy bungalow, nevertheless he was placed, placed/.
He murmured to himself the following Persian inscription (about himself) after death
“Alas, without me for thousands of years the Rose will blossom and the spring will bloom. But those who have secretly understood my heat they will approach and visit the grave where I like.”
Aziz had said to Mrs Moore-“Then you are oriented.” But, unfortunately after her visit to the caves
“She lost all interest, even in Aziz, and the affectionate and sincere words that she had spoken to him seemed no longer hers, but the air’s.”
Forster’s own viewpoint regarding personal relationships is evident from what a critic says while bringing Forster and Lawrence together.MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
“Not only did Forster and Lawrence share this general reaction against contemporary civilization, but they also had a common positive theme, for the novel of both are really exercises on the motif of “right personal relationship, ” a favourite phrase of Forster.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Their solutions are radically different.
Forster relied on intelligence, culture and an awakening of the heart while Lawrence, though he too was preaching to the heart, relied primarily on the passions of the blood and was preoccupied with sexuality, a theme almost alien to Forster.
But they had ir common a belief in the necessity for the individual to be free in his inner life; not even in love must a man suffer himself to be possessed in his thoughts and feelings by another, or a woman herself.
Lawrence saw the relationship between the sexes largely in terms of a fight by the woman to possess the man and of the man’s furious struggle to escape or vice-versa.
Forster similarly revolted from the idea of marriage as “eternal union, eternal ownership.”
Moreover, there is the Forster’s first novels a curious Lawrentain strain, for complimentary to the doctrine of sweetness and light, of love and culture, there is an admiration of crude vitality in the Italian Gino: Where Angels Fear to Tread and of uncouth vitality in Stephen in the Longest journey.”
Q. 5. Bring out the differences between the major characters in the prime of Miss Jean Brodie.
Ans. Spark’s characters are interiorised. This means that they are involved in a search for the self that accommodates both personal fulfilment and political or social claims. Personal obsessions guide those characters.MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
They turn their lives into channels of self-righteous imagination and bring about their destruction.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Miss Brodie is one of the characters who is an eccentric spinster and school teacher. She has fine judgement of character and specializes in organising the lives of the Brodie set.
She dislikes team spirit which contravenes individual freedom. She thinks herself that she can seek the beginning and end of the proteges.
She resists all questions which question her unorthodox methods. Her pupils also carry this impression. They are unquestioning and uncritical absorbing all that she says.
These characters take a hostile stand against those who intrude in the classroom and appear to change the ways of Miss Brodie.MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
Miss Brodie emanates from those parents who could be trusted “not to lodge complaints about the more advanced and seditious aspects of her educational policy.”
She shares also a personal equation with Brodie set. She was ready to go where even her parents feared to treat her. Brodie took them to the world of art by explaining to them the feats of Italian Renaissance painters.
They developed an appreciation for operas and also understood the temperament of devoted artists like Anna Pavlova and Sybil Thorndike.
Miss Brodie invited them to meals and in this way developed in the girls a sense of indebtedness. She used that sense for her personal advantage.
Miss Brodie had a great hold over the girls. It is observed in her machinations and manipulations regarding the future of Rose and Sandy.
Miss Brodie oversteps the limits when she is found manipulating situations in order to make Rose Mr Lloyd’s lover. She says that Rose’s instinct would particularly appeal to the art master. MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Miss Brodie then convinces Sand that she would be an ideal informant on the Lloyd-Rose least. But Sandy does not agree and rejects the teacher’s plan.
The relationship between Miss Brodie and Mr Lowther does not last long. This is due to the fact that the very base of the relationship was deceit and fraud.
Miss Brodie convinces her student that her aim was that the falling health of Mr. Lowther did not deteriorate further, but improved. Mr. Lowther suffered from bad health due to the departure of old housekeeper and the non-availability of her replacement for a long time.
The Kerr sisters keep Mr. Lowther on tenterhooks and after that start neglecting him thinking that she could marry him at any time. But she feels a great shock. Mr Lowther is engaged to Miss Lockheart, a science teacher.
When war clouds were hovering over Europe, the idealogy of Miss Brodie proved to be a failure. She believed in fascim and praised Mussolini and Hitler.
For these beliefs, Sandy betrays her. She thinks that the Girl Guides are her rivals who will disband Brodie set. She is unable to understand that she is coming in between the independence of others. MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
She has a false notion that whoever so comes in her way will surrender to her. In his way, she believes in abusing power.
But she fails in her motive and loses her control over others. The pathos of the downfall and the importance of her defeat is conveyed through a description of her sitting
“Shrivelled and betrayed in her long preserved dark musquash coat and her blind groping for the real identity of her betrayer.”
Sandy also exhibits propensities of psychological and moral growth. She is in search of herself. It leads her through many diverse experiences and ultimately she becomes a nun.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Spark has created Sandy to offset Brodie. She goes on a mission that in the very beginning questions, after that defies, and in the end betrays Miss Brodie for what she is. From the very beginning, Sandy starts investigating Miss Brodie’s weakness.
She relies on her experience, images and conscience to help her in this quest. In the beginning, she only tentatively assents to Miss Brodie’s ideology and thinking.
First of all, she disturbs her class by asking Marry to give an incorrect answer.
Then she walks with her head bent back gazing at the ceiling and telling Miss Brodie that she is imitating the big actress Sybil Thorndike and purposely keeps away from Miss Brodie’s tea party after going through the Edinburgh slums.
She does all that to watch Miss Brodie’s reactions to subtle forms of defiance. Sandy is often told of that one day she “Will go too far”. by surpassing the limits given by the teacher to her girls. MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
As time passes, Sandy’s experience of Miss Brodie’s domination over the girls is supplemented by images that reinforce her opinion.
When Mr Lloyds kisses Miss Brodie in the art room after school hours, Sandy starts thinking about the sexual aspect of Miss Brodie’s love.
Jenny reports about the incident. She is the only one in Brodie’s set who is able to identify the image of the teacher in any figure that Mr. Lloyd claims to paint Sandy, in this way, concludes that Miss Brodie had a passion and sexual yearning for the married art teacher could not be fulfilled.
Emily Joyce goes to fight in the Spanish civil war for General Franco where she meets a tragic end. Sandy revolts against Miss Brodie’s doctrine. She tells Miss Mackay that Miss Brodies has fascist views that her actions constitute authorial agreement.
Spark agrees with Sandy in some aspects, enters a convent, and publishes a psychological treatise which is known as “The Transfiguration of the Commonplace.”
Sandy is not much different from Miss Brodies. She is in many ways identical to Miss Brodie. Her sense of personal guilt and revenge hound her, which reflect in her picture as sister Helena.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Both Miss Brodie and Sandy feel isolated in the later years of their lives. Miss Brodie is shaken by the knowledge that she has been betrayed.
She meets her never knowing what the real cause was of her tragic end. Sandy, who later becomes a nun and is known as a sister. Helena lives and achieves fame but she is always aware of cruelly betraying a woman to whom she could never recount the past.
Both Miss Brodie and Sandy arouse the compassing and outrage of the readers. They openly stand against the conventions both in public and personal life. But they cannot perceive and counter their destructive capabilities.
The other characters in the novel are peripheral. They only highlight the interaction between Miss Brodie and Sandy. MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
Monica Douglas, Rose Stanley, Eunice Gardiner, Jenny Gray and Mary Macgregor were the six girls in the Brodie Set. They symbolically emphasise the strength of the personality.
These figures stand for flexibility and conformity to Miss Brodie’s visions of them in the time to come.
They have the spirit to challenge her and at the same time remain her docile admire even after schooling.
Like Miss Brodie, they can simply speculate about the identity of the person who betrayed Miss Brodie and brought about her embarrassing displacement from the school.
The reader’s case across with only two male characters in the play. They are Mr Lloyd the art master and Mr. Lowther, the singing teacher.
They have been depicted as satellites of Miss Brodie who satisfy her physical and emotional needs. She interacts with these two people as a man to man.
But they do not take her attitude in the same spirit. They treat her woman first and anything else afterward. It causes rivalry between them.MEG 03 Free Solved Assignment
Miss Brodie is inclined to Mr Lloyd. Mr Lloyd is a married gentleman. He can afford only to indulge in Clandestine meetings.
Sandy and Jenny happen to see one such meeting between them. Miss Brodie and Lloyds nurture their affections, but they are never open about it.
Mr Lowther serves to camouflage Miss Brodie’s true affection and by and by goes out of her life. In her private life also, she is thwarted by social concerns.
She is unable to express her soft corner. Her nearness to Mr. Lowther is known but since there is no evidence to it, Miss Brodies escapes with social censure.
Other personalities in the novel appear to be insipid and uninspiring. They have been knowingly presented in this manner to highlight the strength. The technique also highlights the clash of perception.MEG 03 Solved Free Assignment 2022
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